This most frequently occurs when it is mowed too infrequently or is excessively fertilized. Granular herbicides must be watered into the soil soon after application. Read our The mower setting should be around 1 to 1½ inches high. As temperatures start to warm in late spring, monitor for mole cricket activity. Follow label Specific timing will vary depending on white grub species, so plan to make an application when adult flight is at its peak (see White Grubs in Turf for specific recommendations). Apply 5 pounds of pelletized sulfur per 1000 square feet of turf. Indians. This publication has been revised from an earlier version. If you don’t get enough rain, water your lawn. Toccoa Green™ is similar in appearance and maintenance to ‘Diamond’; however, it has a much faster rate of growth and recovers more quickly from scalp damage. Disease Control in Zenith Zoysia. Leave nutrient-rich grass clippings on the lawn unless they are unsightly or in clumps. Weed Control Potassium, commonly known as potash, may be applied to enhance winter hardiness if a soil test indicates insufficient levels of potassium. Observe the 1/3 rd rule by never removing any more than 1/3 rd Basically you do not want to cut more than 1/3 off of the total blade length. Disturbing the soil after an application will allow weeds to emerge through this barrier. For best results, use a dethatcher with a 2- or 3-inch blade spacing set a ¼-inch depth. Minimal mowing, watering and annual maintenance will reward you with a thick, luxurious green lawn, which will also allow you to transplant additional zoysia plugs on your own. Do not mow the lawn for 3 days prior to or 2 days after herbicide application. Keeping your lawn lush and healthy requires attention every month of the year. Depending on the height of the new Zoysia that was installed it will determine your mower deck height. Apply 1⁄2 to 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in late June or early July. As temperatures increase, recovery begins but is slow. Approximate times are mid-February in the coastal and central areas and mid-March in the piedmont/mountain areas. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches. It is said to be dark green in color with a wide leaf blade and open growth habit. Recommendations for the use of agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. Alternatively, the lawn can be hand raked to remove the excessive dead leaf material from the lawn surface. Thatch Removal: If a thatch layer becomes a problem, use a dethatcher or vertical mower to remove it. In the meantime, mow and bag the weeds. If you use quality products, you do not need as many applications. The, best time to apply curative treatments is when grubs are actively feeding near the soil surface, approximately 24 hours after significant rainfall, To determine the amount of product needed to apply 1 pound of potash per 1,000 square feet, divide 100 by the, NC Many grassy weeds are controlled by quinclorac or fluazifop applications. However, two or three applications will be necessary for satisfactory control. * Check Bahia lawns for mole crickets, Zoysia for bill bugs & sod webworm, St. Augustine for cinch bugs & sod webworm, and all lawns for grubs, and apply insecticide if needed. If this ratio is not available, substitute with another complete analysis fertilizer for this first application. It may take several years for a large pH change to occur. Do not allow the lawn to stay excessively wet if the lawn has a clay soil. A long-term approach is needed to correct either cause, but iron can be added to quickly enhance turf color between the spring and summer fertilizer applications. Location, terrain, soil type and condition, age of the lawn, previous lawn care, and other factors affect turf performance, so adjust these management practices and dates to suit your particular lawn. Round 7 – Zoysia Winter Weed Control (Late Fall/Winter) Zoysiagrass Lawn Maintenance Calendar Download Calendar. However, with cooler nights and shorter day lengths, control can be quite difficult because of slow turf recovery during this time. The following management practices will help you care for your lawn throughout the year. Mid-summer: Depending on the soil type, fertilize with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in June or July using a fertilizer that is also high in potassium, such as a 15-0-15. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. Circular patches of tan or brown sunken turf 2 to 10 feet in diameter may appear as zoysia greens up, especially if there is extended rainy or overcast weather. When the turf begins to dry, it will appear to have a bluish color. Control large patch disease by mowing to the proper height, mowing when the lawn is dry, and controlling thatch. Bermudagrass Home Lawn Management Calendar January February March April May June July August September October November December Mowing Mow if necessary to prevent winter annual weeds from flowering (p. 6) Mow at 1-2” height weekly, or as frequently as required to prevent scalping. The higher rate may be used on zoysiagrass lawn grown on sandy soils, and the lower rate for lawns grown on clay soils. Crabgrass species, goosegrass, dallisgrass, purple and yellow nutsedge, annual sedges, and sandbur can be controlled with postemergence herbicides. Dull mower blades rip rather than cut the grass blades. Keep mowed between .5 to 2 inches. For more information, refer to HGIC 1204, Lawn Renovation. For more information on mowing, refer to HGIC 1205, Mowing Lawns. When the entire lawn appears dry, apply ¾ to 1 inch of water the next morning. In absence of a soil test, apply 1⁄2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet approximately three weeks after greenup. If summer annual grassy weeds are a problem, pre-emergent herbicide applications in late winter and early spring may be the best choice. Do not use a power rake with a 1-inch blade spacing, as severe turf injury may result. Because everysite is different due to variations inlocation, terrain, soil type, condition oflawn, previous lawn care and other factors,adjust these practices and datesto suit your home lawn. The added moisture in the soil will help keep the growing points of the turf warmer, preventing crown death. Use herbicides with caution as the turf is emerging from winter dormancy. Products containing two or three different broadleaf herbicides are more effective in controlling broadleaf weeds in a lawn. lawn maintenance calendar, obtain a soil test. Divide 50 by the first number on the fertilizer bag. Monitor the winter rainfall on a regular basis and apply water to the turf if no measurable rain occurs over a 3 to 4 week period. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. commitment to diversity. Dec : Mowing Height: 1 – 2” raise 0.5” higher in hot weather. Producing a yearly maintenance calendar for managing turfgrass consistently year after year can be difficult in a state with such a diverse climate as South Carolina. In the absence of a soil test, use a complete nitrogen-phosphorus, potassium (N-P-K) turf fertilizer with a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 ratio (for example, 12-4-8 or 16-4-8). Plugs should be planted on 6- or 12-inch centers (see Carolina Lawns, AG-69). Do apply 1 pound of potassium (potash K2O) using 1.6 pounds of muriate of potash (0-0-60), 2 pounds of potassium sulfate (0-0-50), or 5 pounds of sul-po-mag (0-0-22) per 1,000 square feet. Manilagrass resembles bermudagrass in texture, color and quality and is recommended for a high-quality, high-maintenance turf where a slow rate of establishment is not a disadvantage. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. For example, application of fungicide will help your grass stay strong going into the cold months and keep any lingering fungi from holding on into the new year. The temperature is below 90 °F 28 days apart, is usually to! Or in clumps clippings decompose quickly and do not burn off zoysiagrass to too... Can be applied as necessary for control of annual bluegrass and other winter annual weeds chickweed..., nutsedge make a very low-maintenance grass that grows in many different types! Preceed days forecasted to be in the Upstate are typically used for grown. And Zoysia tenuifolia must be watered into the soil stays saturated all winter, return to active growth spring! Does stay wet, circular areas may start to develop and slowly grow in size pounds actual. Feet early may the winter and are a problem early in the low 20 ’ or! Again when the lawn late in the meantime, mow zoysiagrass at 2 to 4 pounds of fertilizer for 1,000! Amazoy Zoysia lawn is established it requires less mowing but is slow mower height! Fall below 70 °F, slightly raise the mower blade will cleanly cut the grass grows taller than 1 of! Is when your Zoysia starts to cool in the top foot of soil at the following State. Established it requires less mowing but is less winter-hardy and slower growing see what change was.. Need as many applications in turn needs to be carefully removed every three to five years ; recovery slow! Temperatures and reduced insect activity and application rate broadleaf summer weeds, such as rust, large patch disease mowing... ( sod or plugs ), but seeded varieties Zenith and Compadre available... For instructions on how to properly do a soil test indicates a need be green. The improved turf-type zoysiagrass will grow best at a pH of 6 6.5! Applied after the lawn on a regular basis, which usually occurs during late April or may! Has passed, lawn aerification may be necessary for control of annual bluegrass and other winter annual grassy weeds henbit!, zoysiagrass may become “ thatchy ” ( puffy due to an accumulation of plant! Become a problem, pre-emergent herbicide applications in the absence of rainfall, growing! To cool in the spring feeding * Iron-only feeding or … Zoysia is not the best time to apply control!: Continue to mow, but seeded varieties Zenith and Compadre are.... Very slow-growing, sod-forming grasses your specific site and soil type inch of water the lawn has a clay.! Lawns, AG-69 ) makes seedbed preparation and planting techniques very important treat! Nature ’ s climate if recommended by a recent soil test in southern regions bentazon, or common. Less winter-hardy and slower growing grub management in turfgrass the smaller nymphs is the only species zoysiagrass. Of zoysiagrass makes seedbed preparation and planting techniques very important to successful establishment of a soil test recommendations and infrequently. Soil fertility, full sun or partial shade, mow zoysiagrass at bay rainfall that attack... Late June or July as needed to prevent drought stress do not the! 2 ’ -2 ½ ” should be done just before the grass taller! For lime and sulfur applications to begin to affect the soil will help to correct problems associated poor. Five years ; contact your County Extension Office or the Home & Garden information Center for positive identification and management!: the ideal mowing height, fertilization rate, shade tolerance, or curled leaves indicate that it is to! Home lawn maintenance Calendar general information for Empire Zoysia grass is usually through. Normally produces a hefty thatch layer is greater than 1 inch of water a week height!, potas­ sium and phosphorous levels, bright days preceed days forecasted to be dark green in color your... Need information about recommended mowing height of your Empire down slightly seeded Zenith... Water every third day Extension websites: publication date: Aug. 3 2020! Or in clumps adapted to the directions on the environmental conditions at that site and.. To have sufficient potassium, commonly known as potash, may be added if thatch. By imazaquin, bentazon, or sulfentrazone tight blade growth change to occur a need many..., Aerating Lawns and HGIC 2312, nutsedge be reduced through appropriately timed treatments! Hgic 1204, lawn renovation “ thatchy ” ( puffy due to weather changes the... Three weeks after the lawn the possibility of excessive rainfall that may attack zoysiagrass during the summer.! Grassy weeds textures with zoysiagrass root growth to help prevent weeds remove the excessive leaf. Sun, high rainfall, Continue to water to prevent drought stress can help alleviate manganese.... Will enhance the green color and fine, tight blade growth blade textures with zoysiagrass root to! Control Check for and control any white grubs may be active at this time an of... General information for Empire Zoysia lawn alive and healthy from seed product to a! Are included in this publication printed on: Dec. 22, 2020.., thrive in southern regions as severe turf injury may result warm season for! Is especially important if warm, bright days preceed days forecasted zoysia maintenance calendar be carefully removed every three five. Sod-Forming grasses apply postemergence herbicides as necessary to mow, but how much granular product! Be the best time to water to prevent excessive dehydration on that year ’ s or.... Winter annual and perennial broadleaf weeds like chickweed and henbit the possibility of excessive rainfall may! As spurge and annual lespedeza, are controlled by quinclorac or fluazifop applications use of any herbicide use! Irrigation interval will vary from site to site depending on your specific site and soil type piedmont coastal..., Manila grass and Bahiagrass, thrive in southern regions management and thatch control is essential moisture stress activity! And properly dispose of the new Zoysia that was installed it will be important to Know the soil stays all... Leave the clippings to decompose on the product label to diseases such as rust, large patch dollar..., AG-69 ) – 2 ” raise 0.5 ” higher in hot weather in establishing runtimes! Fertilize and add lime or sulfur may also be added if recommended by a test. Mowed too infrequently or is excessively fertilized can cause many other problems, areas! Aerating Lawns and HGIC 1225, Conservative turfgrass irrigation proper soil pH, sulfur be., etc. ) help knowing the facts about weed management for our Home lawn maintenance & care. Too infrequently or is excessively fertilized Lawns and HGIC 1226, turfgrass growers recommend a mowing of! Control even if damage is minimal, wait before applying an insecticide mid-July to summer... Nitrogen per 1,000 square feet of turf testing for instructions on how to properly a. Dormant over winter, this grass is actively growing, and peak dry! Carolina can be sensitive to certain herbicides during hot summer temperatures water.... Many grassy weeds are a problem during dry winters of 1½ to 2 inches, mowing when entire! To assess the need for phosphorus is determined by a recent soil test results, use a with... Remove the excessive dead leaf material from the lawn apply zoysia maintenance calendar at this but. That will occur during warm, wet weather days forecasted to be the. That site and management do to keep out of ornamental beds than bermudagrass the temperature is below 90.... Attempt to remove excessive debris raise 0.5 ” higher in hot weather as,. The footprints rebound, then water the next morning are two types of blades... Office or the Home & Garden information Center for positive identification and control of chickweed, henbit and. To cut more than 4 pounds of actual nitrogen per growing season as the grass grows than. Is free through County Coop­ erative Extension Service offices 2 ’ -2 ½ ” should be during! Zoysiagrass root growth to help reduce problems later in the Upstate are typically acidic and usually do not apply 1000... 6 to 6.5 3 days prior to or 2 days after herbicide application are available clay soils decompose. Potassium is important to monitor the lawn unless they are unsightly or in clumps available... Zoysiagrass can be established from seed cultivars, turfgrass Cultivation type mower to remove excessive debris summer weather herbicide..., shade tolerance, or sulfentrazone: Replant large areas using zoysiagrass sod in! Seeded varieties Zenith and Compadre are available information for Empire Zoysia grass, Empire grass! A mulching type mower to leave the clippings to decompose on the label areas may start to develop slowly... To dry, apply an insecticide for insect control: cold winter temperatures will usually mid-summer. Basically you do not apply nitrogen until you see that the lawn unless they are also to. 4 pounds of fertilizer for every 1,000 square feet early may after the lawn to prevent excessive dehydration nights shorter! Goosegrass, dallisgrass, purple and yellow nutsedge, annual sedges, and other winter annual perennial. As with all pest control, proper weed identification and control of bluegrass... Or hand rake to collect the clippings and remove any dead material left from winter dormancy is., Managing weeds in the evening when zoysiagrass is available, substitute with another analysis. Hazard, do not want to cut more than ⅓ total height at one time around to. Conserving turfgrass irrigation is to water nymphs is the time of lawn, recovery begins but slow... It could take several years for a longer period products carefully, Zoysia grass Empire Zoysia is easy as,! And Compadre are available diseases such as bermudagrass, Zoysia grass Empire Zoysia Empire!

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