Further, the knowledge is also extended into food production,  production of alcohol, in agriculture, leather industry, etc. They also synthesize amino acids which are very common dietary supplements. The presence of microorganisms can enhance the degradation of the drug. These life forms are called microorganisms or microbes. Microbiology of Soil 7. The study of microbiology for nursing students is very essential. There is vast scope in the field of microbiology due to the advancement in the field of science and technology. Importance of Microbiology in Agriculture: Microorganisms help in decomposing toxic compounds in agricultural soil preventing toxic accumulation in the soil. Food microbiology is the study of the microorganisms that inhibit, create, or contaminate food.This includes the study of microorganisms causing food spoilage; as well as, pathogens that may cause disease especially if food is improperly cooked or stored. Microbiology overlaps the various other degree areas of biology like as molecular biology, genetics & immunology. Pharmacy and pharmaceutical companies use microbiology extensively. New to Target Study? Microorganisms are used in Recombinant DNA Technology or Genetic Engineering to manipulate their gene for the production of useful products such as enzymes, hormones, interferons, etc Microorganisms are used as model organism in molecular biology. It is a technology for carrying out immunofluorescence studies that may be applied to find specific cells in complex biological systems. 4 Talaro A. Talaro; 2 Microbiology . See applications of “Enzyme Immobilization: Applications in diagnosis & medicine production.”. Education India, Colleges, Universities, Courses, Exams, Schools. 2) For sterilization of manufactured drugs. Microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, viruses, protozoa, microscopic fungi and yeasts, and microscopic algae. Vitamins like especially vitamin B-12 (cyanocobalamin) are obtained from bacterial fermentation of genetically modified bacteria. Microbiology of Air 8. Medical microbiology basically deals with the study of microorganisms that are both beneficial and harmful to both human and animal majorly. This course is aimed at giving an overview of Microbiology, emphasizing on the scope and History of Microbiology . It helps to find out the natural pesticides. Microbiology helps us to identify the microorganisms that exist in food. It also helps to see how the patient’s health progresses during the treatment. Environmental microbiology also includes the study of microorganisms that exist in artificial environments such as bioreactors. Hence they are called natural pesticides. Microbiologists investigate the vital role of microbes in the soil. The scope of microbiology is all-encompassing, particularly in the fields of medical, pharmaceutical, industrial and environmental sciences to mention a few, where one aspect of microbiology is either applied or used as a fundamental criteria in the actualization of certain set goals. Thanks. Journal of Medical Microbiology – Scope As part of the Microbiology Society portfolio, Journal of Medical Microbiology provides comprehensive coverage of medical, dental and veterinary microbiology, and infectious diseases. Meaning of Microbiology 2. Microbiology is used in our daily life and plays an important role in it. Following are some of the environmental uses of the microbiology. These microbes play crucial roles in nutrient cycling, biodegradation, climate change, food spoilage, the cause and control of disease, and biotechnology. It also extends to aspects of how the body deals with microbes, how to control them for health and other benefits. 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